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Professional readings



A Culturally Responsive Pedagogy of Relations

Russell Bishop is Professor of Māori Education at the University of Waikato and director of Te Kotahitanga. Russell talks about the need to provide a classroom context where caring and learning relationships paramount to the educational performance of Maori students can be developed.

Ako - Senior Secondary Teaching and Learning Guides for the Arts

Examples of ako in arts classrooms. Ako involves reciprocal shared learning in the classroom and beyond.

Americans for the Arts

This fact sheet is about the benefits of Arts education. It succinctly advocates for arts education for children. The information is part of the Steps to Early Childhood Arts Education Initiative 2002.

Arts and Letters Daily

This site features news and reviews from the world of letters. It includes current issues and archives and contains links to topical essays and articles. Useful for Art History Achievement Standard 3.5 and issue-based discussion.

Canadian schools must put more emphasis on physical education and get kids moving

This is a newspaper article that appeared in the Globe and Mail about the importance of movement in a child’s day at school.

Constructing Youth Engagement (PDF 197KB)

This Kansas report (26 pages) contains a review of literature regarding student engagement a list of indicators of engagement the kinds of techniques that artists use to engage students and reasons for why the arts engage students. Interview questions for artists and students are provided in the Appendix.

Craft in an Age of Change

A report confirms that Scotland’s craft makers continue to be optimistic and adaptable working within a sector that while changing remains healthy robust and contributes income of £70 million to the Scottish economy.

Creative Commons

Creative Commons (CC) provides free tools that let authors scientists artists and educators easily mark their creative work with the freedoms they want it to carry. You can use CC to change your copyright terms from "All Rights Reserved" to "Some Rights Reserved."

Engaging Boys in the Arts

An article that discusses the problem of the "missing males" in the arts. In studying the cause of this trend it discusses the construction of masculinity in the arts through societal forces including the media school influences peer expectations parental wishes teacher attitudes and texts. It also refers in detail to the nature of stereotypes that prevent boys from participating in the arts.

Gifted & Talented Online

This New Zealand TKI site has a page for resources relating to The Arts and gifted students.

Guidelines for Publishing Student Work

These are New Zealand Ministry of Education guidelines for schools for the online publication of student images and schoolwork.

History of the Leotard

A simple history of the leotard as worn by dancers and other people engaged in movement activities. Please be aware that as Wikipedia is a public document accuracy of information cannot be guaranteed.

How the Arts Impact Communities (PDF)

This paper prepared for the Taking the Measure of Culture Conference is by Joshua Guetzkow. In it he considers issues that need to be addressed when thinking about and studying how the arts impact communities and provides an introduction to the literature on arts impact studies. Published by Princeton University Center for Arts and Cultural Policy Studies 2002.

ICT and Arts Education - A Literature Review (PDF 650KB)

This literature review was carried out by Merryn Dunmill and Azra Arslanagic of Te Puna Puoru National Centre for Research in Music Education and Sound Arts University of Canterbury in July 2006 for the New Zealand Ministry of Education. The review sought to find Australasian research (and research from other comparative education systems) on the positve impact of ICT on student achievement and teaching in the arts.

Increasing Arts Demand Through Better Arts Learning

This summary of Wallace-commissioned research examines efforts to rebuild arts learning for American city children through the coordinated work of schools and other groups. It also explores how more and better arts education could boost demand for the arts.

Incredible India (PDF 1.6MB) (1.60 MB)

This 2007 report from Merryn Dunmill an Asia New Zealand Foundation "Linking Latitudes" conference delegate includes information about the Indian Arts Curriculum and state of education and society in the complex and diverse "many Indias" of today.

Integrated Arts Programme - Arizona

This video and accompanying materials describe and justify an arts-integration programme in primary schools. While the programme relies on visiting arts specialists in the classroom there are ideas and rubrics that could be adapted by generalists.

Intellectual Property in Technology Teaching

Although contextualised in the teaching and learning of Technology the case study materials confidentiality agreements and information about IP and student work on this site are useful and important considerations for arts contexts.

Ka Hikitia - Managing for Success: The Māori Education Strategy 2008 - 2012

Ka Hikitia - Managing for Success: The Māori Education Strategy 2008 - 2012 is the Ministry of Education's approach to improving the performance of the education system for and with Māori. It is a key aspect of having a quality education system where all students are succeeding and achieving.

Lindy Hop

The history of the Lindy Hop - a a fusion of many dances from all over the United States from the early 1900s but mainly based on the Charleston. Lindy Hop combines the movements and improvisation of African dances with the formal 8-count structure of European dances. African dances usually separate the men from the women. Europeans invented partner dancing. Please be aware that as Wikipedia is a public document accuracy of information cannot be guaranteed.

List of Dances

Useful for researching the history characteristics influences famous individuals and terminology of different dance genres/styles. Suitable for teachers and students - primary to secondary. Please be aware that as Wikipedia is a public document accuracy of information cannot be guaranteed.

Literacy Online

Literacy Online is the New Zealand site to help primary and secondary teachers develop teaching and learning programmes across all learning areas based on the literacy needs of their learners.

Manaakitanga - Senior Secondary Teaching and Learning Guides for the Arts

Examples of manaakitanga in arts classrooms. Mannaakitanga is about values of integrity trust sincerity and equity. Through manaakitanga the teacher and fellow students recognise and affirm the identity of each student in open and trusting relationships.

Models of Arts Integration

This University of Minnesota presentation shares a range of arts integration models. It describes and shows a table of the variety of arts integration models operating in the US.

Modern Dance

An article upon the history of modern and contemporary dance- with definitions and a map of development. Useful for NCEA dance. Please be aware that as Wikipedia is a public document accuracy of information cannot be guaranteed.

Multi-Modality in a New Key: The Significance of the Arts in Research and Education

This paper considers multi-modality and the use of non-verbal symbolic expression. It describes two studies and illustrates how children use multi-modal expression to interpret construct and manipulate symbols in art music and storytelling.

New Zealand Arts Strategy

The Arts Strategy 2006-08 is underpinned by the objectives of the Schooling Strategy: Making a Bigger Difference for all Students (www.minedu.govt.nz/goto/schoolingstrategy). The strategy focuses on improved outcomes for teachers and students by ensuring all resources face to face and online support networks are cohesive and effective. It will build on the focused professional development offered to teachers through School Support Services and on published materials that have supported the implementation of The Arts in the New Zealand Curriculum.

New Zealand Curriculum Resource Bank

This tool organises resources and information that support professional learning and leadership as schools implement The New Zealand Curriculum. There is a selection of resources for The Arts in this database.

New Zealand Disability Strategy

The New Zealand Disability Strategy's vision is of a society that highly values the lives and continually enhances the full participation of disabled people. It provides a framework to guide government agencies making policy and services impacting on disabled people. In taking the lead the Government will do everything possible to influence the attitudes and behaviour of society as a whole. By all New Zealanders considering issues facing people with disabilities and their aspirations New Zealand can become a fully inclusive society.

Online Resource Hub: Culture and Creative Industries Around the World

Created by UNESCO. this is a unique gateway to online resources on the culture and creative industries around the world.

Partner Dancing

An introduction to the concept of partner dancing as opposed to dancers moving together simultaneously. A component in some folk and most social dances partner dancing requires successful techniques of leading and following.Useful as background information for teachers who may wish to then go on to explore social/ballroom dance activities. Please be aware that as Wikipedia is a public document accuracy of information cannot be guaranteed.

Pasifika Education Plan 2013-2017

The Pasifika Education Plan 2013 – 2017 (PEP) is aimed at raising Pasifika learners’ participation, engagement and achievement from early learning through to tertiary education.The PEP’s vision is to see ‘Five out of five Pasifika learners participating, engaging and achieving in education, secure in their identities, languages and cultures and contributing fully to Aotearoa New Zealand’s social, cultural and economic wellbeing'.

The PEP Implementation Plan 2013-2017 is an overview of the Ministry of Education and Education Partner Agencies’ programmes to achieve the goals and targets of the PEP. It includes the lead agencies, key contacts and links to more information on each programme.

Performing Arts Facilities in Schools

This site offers advice and guidance for schools developing new or improved facilities for dance drama and music programmes based on The Arts in the New Zealand Curriculum.

Preadolescents Reflect on their Dance Drawings: The Impact of Hip-Hop

A brief description of a cross-cultural study and a web link to students' drawings and comments on how Hip Hop has impacted on their lives.

Promoting Success for Māori Students: ERO 2010 Schools’ Progress Report

This 2010 report evaluates how schools have promoted success for Māori students since ERO’s previous national report in 2006. The success of Māori students at school is a matter of national interest and priority. This 2010 ERO evaluation indicates that not all educators have yet recognised their professional responsibility to provide a learning environment that promotes success for Māori students.

Quotations About Dancing

Quotes and sayings that inspire and celebrate the joy of dance.

Re-Investing in Arts Education: Winning America’s Future

This 2011 report sets out a series of strategies to achieve the over-arching conclusion from this 18-month study. To realise the potential of arts education the report argues for a seamless marriage of arts education strategies with overall educational goals. To accomplish this requires a dynamic collaboration between arts specialists classroom teachers and teaching artists to create creative environments that allow each child to reach his or her potential using all the tools available to reach and engage students in learning.

Revitalising Arts Education Through Community-Wide Coordination

In this Wallace-commissioned study RAND researchers describe initiatives in six American cities to reverse a long decline in arts education by coordinating the work of city agencies arts institutions schools and others. These “coordinated efforts” are fragile RAND concludes but show some promise in making more and better arts education available to more city children.

Science classes won’t future-proof our children. But dance might

Secondary Education Portal

Information resources and guidance to support secondary teaching and learning.

Success for Boys

This New Zealand Ministry of Education website is intended to help teachers build on existing practice to create opportunities for all boys to succeed.

Tangata whenuatanga - Senior Secondary Teaching and Learning Guides for the Arts

Tangata whenuatanga represents place-based socio-cultural awareness and knowledge of the whenua or land we come from.

Te Marautanga o Aotearoa

Te Marautanga o Aotearoa the new Māori curriculum document has been distributed to all Māori-medium schools. The document was launched on 26 September 2008. Explore the online community for Te Kaupapa Marautanga o Aotearoa.

The Contributions of Learning in the Arts. Part 1: A Review of the Literature

This review of international and New Zealand literature explores the arguments made and evidence for the contribution of participation and/or formal learning in arts disciplines to educational social/cultural and economic outcomes with a key focus on school-aged learners.

The Contributions of Learning in the Arts. Part 2: A Synthesis

This was the second stage of a two-part project carried out for the Ministry for Culture and Heritage by the New Zealand Council for Educational Research. The first part comprised a review of New Zealand and international research on the impacts and outcomes of arts learning on a range of educational social economic and other outcomes with a focus on school-aged learners (Bolstad 2010). This synthesis draws and expands on Part 1.

The Impact of the NCEA on Student Motivation

This final report (June 2006) by Victoria University presents results of research carried out for the Ministry of Education. It presents key findings consistent with existing motivation theory and research but also reveals issues specific to NCEA of relevance to school efforts to maximise student motivation and achievement.

The Independence of Government Arts Funding: A Review

Written by Christopher Madden this 2009 report presents a global perspective on independence in government arts support exploring issues such as the ‘arm’s length principle’ and the ‘arts council versus ministry’ debate. It explores arts policy models and frameworks through a neutral lens surveying the incidence of different approaches around the world and summarising expert opinion on the strengths and weaknesses of the main approaches.

The Qualities of Quality: Understanding Excellence in Arts Education

Researchers at Harvard’s Project Zero explore the qualities of good K-12 arts programmes and conclude they go beyond “best practices” to include consideration of the goals of arts education such as aesthetic awareness and personal growth.

The Tate Movie Project

The Tate Movie Project is an animated film made by and for children. The Tate Movie Project is a uniquely ambitious project using great artworks to inspire 5-13 year olds to contribute their ideas to an animated movie.

Theatrical Jazz Dance

A comprehensive article on the history of jazz dance. Please be aware that as Wikipedia is a public document accuracy of information cannot be guaranteed.

Treaty of Waitangi

The Treaty of Waitangi website provides a great deal of information. There are all sorts of very good drama pre-texts here. ‘Quotes’ – what were people saying about the events surrounding the treaty? 128 biographies of key people in treaty history booklets case studies and a timeline.

Tātaiako: Cultural Competencies for Teachers of Māori Learners

Tātaiako: Cultural Competencies for Teachers of Māori Learners is a new resource explaining the progression of the competencies teachers need to develop so they can help Māori learners achieve educationally as Māori. Tātaiako has been developed to help all educators think about what it takes to successfully teach Māori learners. It provides a guide to the development of cultural competence for teachers themselves for their employers and for Initial Teacher Education providers and providers of on-going teacher professional development.

UNESCO Road Map for Arts Education

This document is designed to promote a common understanding among all stakeholders of the importance of Arts Education and its essential role in improving the quality of education. It endeavours to define concepts and identify good practices in the field of Arts Education. In terms of its practical aspects it is meant to serve as an evolving reference document which outlines concrete changes and steps required to introduce or promote Arts Education in educational settings (formal and non-formal) and to establish a solid framework for future decisions and actions in this field.

Western Social Dance

This site is for teacher reference. It gives instructions and clips on a variety of historical western social dances from the late middle ages through to the beginning of the twentieth century. It includes dances such as the Galliard and the Pavane. It would be useful for dance teachers music teachers and for drama teachers who want to include dance in period productions.


Are you a Visual thinker?

Changing Assessment : How four simple words can solve education’s biggest problem

A TED talk by Mark Barnes discussing approaches to assessment and how to include the student voice in a ‘beautiful conversation’. 

Creative Confidence

David Kelly - building creative confidence universally beneficial and increases the appreciation for creative thinking (he did a TED talk about this too).

Do you have a wandering mind?

How Colour Blindness Might Affect an Art Student

How we teach the arts is as important as the fact we're doing it

Michael Rosen shares his checklist for how teachers can ensure that arts education is worthwhile for all students.

New Zealanders and the arts 2014 - Attitudes, attendance and participation in 2014

Creative New Zealand have recently published their findings after a three-year study looking at our attendance, attitudes and participation in the Arts. This three-yearly research began in 2005 and was repeated in 2008, 2011 and 2014. It delivers on-going information to the arts sector about New Zealanders’ level of involvement in, and attitudes towards, the arts.

Teacher Toolkit - 5 Minute Wellbeing Plan

Devised for 'guilty teachers' to manage work/life balance. 

Teacher Toolkit - 5 Miunute Workload Plan

The Qualities of Quality – Understanding Excellence in Arts Education

Written by Steve Seidel, Shari Tishman, Ellen Winner, Lois Hetland and Patricia Palmer, it is based on a study conducted in the US during 2006-2007 by Project Zero, commissioned by the Wallace Foundation and published at the Harvard Graduate School of Education – the home of Project Zero.

Visual Thinking Improves Writing

Encouraging writing through 'life journals' comic strips and drawing. 

Why do we keep creative people out of leadership roles?

Creatives as leaders - short article by David Burkus.

Why Med Schools are Requiring Art Classes

An article about the relationship between the arts, clinical observation and maintaining empathy in the medical profession. 

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